EEG Technician Jobs


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EEG stands for a big word: electroencephalographic. In English? EEG technicians are men and women who use EEG technology to study the electrical activity of the brain. Some EEG techs may be called END (electroneurodiagnostic) technicians, but both are responsible for preparing and administering EEG tests as ordered by the patient’s physician. Healthcare is one of the fastest growing sectors of employment in the U.S. and is estimated to increase by 116% by 2018. EEG or END technicians will play a key supportive role in this expansion and can expect a solid career outlook. EEG technicians may work in a variety of settings including hospitals, clinics, epilepsy treatment centers, sleep study programs and much more.

What duties do EEG Technicians have?

While EEG techs may perform a variety of screenings, the electroencephalogram (EEG) test is the most common. Typically a physician or health practitioner will order the exam and the EEG technician will be responsible for educating the patient about the test, applying any diagnostic tools (like electrodes to the patient’s scalp) and administering the exam as they watch for abnormalities in the patient’s brain wave patterns. The results are then reported to the ordering doctor who will determine how to best care for the patient. END technicians may also test nerve function in other areas of the body besides the brain.

What qualities does a great EEG Technician have?

According to others in the field, the most important quality EEG technicians need is the ability to make the patient comfortable. Muscle tension can translate into the waves that are recorded by the EEG and could skew the results. In addition, technicians need to be able to adjust to today’s healthcare atmosphere with flexibility, solid intrapersonal and communication skills, and the ability to think critically when necessary.

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The good and bad about being an EEG Technician

Understanding the positive and negative points of any career is important before you begin training. As with any job, there are many factors to consider before deciding if a career as an EEG tech is right for you. Here are a few points to think about.


Pros of being an EEG Technician
  • Shorter training and classroom time. EEG technician training can last anywhere from 10 months to 2 years depending on the program you choose and can be completed at most community or technical colleges. END training requires an associate degree.
  • Faster than average job growth as the demand for healthcare expands. The U.S. healthcare field is expected to make a 116% growth increase by the year 2020. Who will help keep this growth going? Everyone from nurses to doctors and yes, even EEG techs.
  • Work setting flexibility and specialization options (sleep medicine, neurology clinics, hospitals). EEG tech jobs can offer a variety of hours and work settings. If you prefer an 8-5 job, you may be able to find employment in a private office setting, such as a neurology office. Or if nights are more your speed, facilities like hospitals and some sleep study centers are open in the evenings and at night so you can work when it suits you best.


Cons of being an EEG Technician
  • A limited number of accredited EEG training programs. According to the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Programs, there are only 23 accredited END training programs in the U.S. Some may offer online or distance learning, so check to see if that may be an option. EEG technician programs alone are not typically accredited.
  • Physically taxing and may require lots of bending or lifting. Depending on where you work, you may be preparing patients who are bedfast, combative, or very ill and cannot assist you. This may mean more lifting, bending or working to get patients ready for their EEG, or who may not follow your commands during the test. You may also be walking long distances, and carrying or pushing your diagnostic equipment.
  • Potential exposure to sick patients. Anyone in healthcare has the potential to care for patients with acute—and contagious—conditions like the flu, meningitis and other illnesses. You may be required to work with very ill patients from time to time and should be prepared for that risk.
  • Long work hours and the potential to work odd shifts. Second shift or 12-hour work days can be draining if you choose to work in a hospital, sleep study center or other location that’s open 24 hours a day. It can be nice to work longer hours and have more days off though—you decide.

Educational Qualifications and Training Requirements

To become an EEG tech, you will need to start out with a high school diploma or GED and obtain CPR certification. CPR is a standard requirement for any healthcare worker. From there, some employers will hire you and agree to train you on the job—you will learn as you go, but this is less common in today’s world of certifications and education. It is recommended that you attend a program that is accredited—or approved for quality—by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Programs. These programs can be found at your local community or technical college and usually take between one and two years to complete. Most EEG courses are not offered online.
Once you complete your education, you can start to work and begin focusing on the next stage of your career—becoming certified in your field. Certification simply means that you have studied for and passed a national examination in your field of study. By certifying, you show others your commitment to quality care and professionalism. To be eligible for the certification exam you will need to complete three years of clinical time/work experience and then apply for the exam through the American Board of Registration of Electroencephalographic and Evoked Potential Technologists (ABRET).

Salary Expectations

If you are looking for a career that will bring in a lot of money, EEG technician work probably isn’t it. While you can certainly make a solid living, you shouldn’t expect a six-figure salary. Many in the field say they took the job because of an interest in the brain’s function, to work with people, or convenient training schedules, but they still bring in a decent income. EEG techs make about $47,000 a year. This is an average—with the lowest ranking numbers at around $24,000 and the upper end at near $70,000 per year. Salary will vary widely depending on your years of work experience, where you live, and the type of facility that employs you.

EEG Technician Compared to Other Similiar Careers

EEG technicians share similar responsibilities with END technicians, but with some differences. END techs are able to do a few more types of tests than EEG techs. Both are trained to administer EEGs but END techs go beyond with skills to assess the nerves of the body and their relationship to the brain. They may also track brain wave activity during surgical procedures, nerve conduction studies, sleep studies and more. END techs make more money than EEG techs do starting out—between $38,000 and $47,000. Educational requirements to become an END are slightly more than EEG technicians and are required to earn an associate’s degree and certify in the field once practice requirements are met.

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Traveling EEG Tech Benefits

Traveling allied health jobs are a great option for EEG technicians who want to see and experience new places. While some travel assignments can be very close to home and others across the country, EEG techs who sign up for travel work can expect higher pay, paid travel and housing expenses and the chance to work with some of the best medical teams in the country. Technicians who choose this option should be prepared to think on their feet and feel comfortable working independently. There is often little to no orientation to a facility when traveling so techs should have a solid work experience and a positive attitude.




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By Rachel Ballard RNC, BSN

rachel ballard squareRachel Ballard

Rachel Ballard is a certified registered nurse and owner of the medical writing company iHealth Communications. iHealth teams with healthcare leaders to create written content that boosts revenue and builds relationships. Learn more about Rachel on Google+

Salary sources: *Bureau of Labor Statistics ** CNN Money